Leaving aside the beauty they impart, have you ever wondered that what are the most poisonous plants in the world?
Yes, just like how thorns come naturally to a rose, our ecosystem follows the same trend to counterbalance everything. But because everything here has its own importance, it seems legit too.
So let’s just find answers to what are the most poisonous plants in the world.
What are the Most Poisonous Plants in the World: Top 10
Oleander is a plant whose all parts bear toxicity. It is a small shrub. It is widely found throughout southwest Asia. The first instance of death from Oleander came in 2000 when 2 orphans in Siberia ate the flower from the neighbour’s garden. Except for that, there hasn’t been any instance of human death due to Oleander. However, it is fatal for the birds and rodents.
Oleander consists of cardiac glycosides which is why it is toxic.
White snakeroot is scientifically known as Ageratina altissima. It is one of the most poisonous plants in North America. White snakeroot consists of the toxin Tremetol which when consumed by cattle, makes its milk toxic. And drinking such milk can kill humans as well.
Thousands have been killed due to these toxic plants in the Midwest and Uppersouth. However, the plant is also used for medicinal purposes to treat diarrhoea, kidney stones, and fever.
Manchineel is the most poisonous North American plants. The name comes from the Spanish word manzanilla meaning little apple. Manchineel even can also top the list of what are the most poisonous plants in the world if its toxicity levels are examined.
It is toxic due to the presence of milky white-sap which is present in almost every part of the tree. Even a small drop of white-sap can cause the skin to blister.
A strange fact about the most poisonous North American plant is that it is classified as endangered in Florida.
Aconitum, also known as the wolfsbane is one of the most poisonous plants in Europe. It can grow up to 1m in height and is a highly toxic flowering plant. It has a helmet-shaped flower 1-2cm tall. The plant is very toxic if ingested and can be harmful by contact as well. The plant is so dangerous that large doses can even cause human death within six hours of fatal poisoning.
The poison can reach the human body through touching of leaves as well. It is known to attack the human heart and can be the cause of death.
Cerbera Odollam is also known as the suicide tree and is one of the most poisonous plants in India. It is one of the most poisonous plants for humans. The plant contains fruit that has been used for murder and suicide.
The plant grows in salt swamps and marshy areas. The most common symptom if ingested is vomiting. However, the ingestion can stop calcium ion channels in heart muscles and can be fatal at times.
It can cause death in 1-2 days after ingestion. The common symptoms are:
- burning sensation in the mouth
- violent vomiting
- irregular respiration
- irregular heartbeat
- coma and eventual death
Now if you ever think that what are the most poisonous plants in the world, also think about its consequences.
Deadly Nightshade is also known as belladonna and is one of the most poisonous plants in Canada and the United States. It belongs to the family of tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplant. It is widely used as a medicine, cosmetic, and poison.
Intoxication by mouth can cause pregnancy complications, cardiovascular disease, and psychiatric disorders. All parts of the plant contain tropane alkaloids. The plant is also poisonous to domestic animals and can cause paralysis.
Women ate belladonna berries thinking them like blueberries and that resulted in anticholinergic syndrome.
Lily of the Valley
Lily of the Valley is one of the most poisonous plants in Asia and Europe. However, so far the plant has not caused any human death and is considered to be nontoxic to humans medically. All the parts of the plant are toxic and can cause various symptoms. However, the symptoms are very rare.
Common symptoms include:
- Abdominal pain
- Irregular heartbeats
Also Check: 12 Most Expensive Things in the World
Brugmansia is also known as Angel’s trumpet. The plant has pendulous flowers and the fruit has no spines. The plant has been enlisted as Extinct in the wild. The ingestion can sometimes lead to hallucination and these hallucinations are characterized by complete loss of awareness and disconnection from reality. One such case was reported when a young man amputated his penis and tongue after drinking 1 cup of Brugmansia tea.
Common Symptoms include:
- dry mouth
- migraine headaches
- poor coordination
- visual and auditory hallucinations
Ricinus is also known as the castor bean and is one of the most poisonous plants in the world. It contains Ricin. 8-10 seeds can be lethal for a human being, however, reports of poisoning are very rare. Symptoms commonly begin after 2-4 hours of ingestion and can be delayed to 36 hours. According to the Guinness World Record, it is the most poisonous plant on the earth.
This reacts the fastest in the list of what are the most poisonous plants in the world.
Common Symptoms Include:
- burning sensation in mouth and throat
- abdominal pain
- purging and bloody diarrhoea
- severe dehydration
- drop in blood pressure
- decrease in urine
Abrus precatorius is also known as Rosary pea. It is seeds are used as beads in percussion instruments. It is toxic due to the presence of Abrin. Ingestion of single seed can be fatal to both children and adults. Therefore it is the most poisonous plant for humans. It is one of the most poisonous plants in Australia.
So this was the overall compilation of what are the most poisonous plants in the world. They are although deadly but are also essential to maintain the overall natural balance. Also, they are strictly prohibited for the sake of mankind. So we request you to not use this list otherwise.
For more such amazing content, stay tuned. Also, share it with your family and friends if you really want to appreciate us.